Class SearcherLifetimeManager

  extended by
All Implemented Interfaces:

public class SearcherLifetimeManager
extends Object
implements Closeable

Keeps track of current plus old IndexSearchers, closing the old ones once they have timed out. Use it like this:

   SearcherLifetimeManager mgr = new SearcherLifetimeManager();
Per search-request, if it's a "new" search request, then obtain the latest searcher you have (for example, by using SearcherManager or NRTManager), and then record this searcher:
   // Record the current searcher, and save the returend
   // token into user's search results (eg as a  hidden
   // HTML form field):
   long token = mgr.record(searcher);
When a follow-up search arrives, for example the user clicks next page, drills down/up, etc., take the token that you saved from the previous search and:
   // If possible, obtain the same searcher as the last
   // search:
   IndexSearcher searcher = mgr.acquire(token);
   if (searcher != null) {
     // Searcher is still here
     try {
       // do searching...
     } finally {
       // Do not use searcher after this!
       searcher = null;
   } else {
     // Searcher was pruned -- notify user session timed
     // out, or, pull fresh searcher again
Finally, in a separate thread, ideally the same thread that's periodically reopening your searchers, you should periodically prune old searchers:
   mgr.prune(new PruneByAge(600.0));

NOTE: keeping many searchers around means you'll use more resources (open files, RAM) than a single searcher. However, as long as you are using IndexReader.openIfChanged(org.apache.lucene.index.IndexReader), the searchers will usually share almost all segments and the added resource usage is contained. When a large merge has completed, and you reopen, because that is a large change, the new searcher will use higher additional RAM than other searchers; but large merges don't complete very often and it's unlikely you'll hit two of them in your expiration window. Still you should budget plenty of heap in the JVM to have a good safety margin.

WARNING: This API is experimental and might change in incompatible ways in the next release.

Nested Class Summary
static class SearcherLifetimeManager.PruneByAge
          Simple pruner that drops any searcher older by more than the specified seconds, than the newest searcher.
static interface SearcherLifetimeManager.Pruner
          See prune(
Constructor Summary
Method Summary
 IndexSearcher acquire(long version)
          Retrieve a previously recorded IndexSearcher, if it has not yet been closed
 void close()
          Close this to future searching; any searches still in process in other threads won't be affected, and they should still call release( after they are done.
 void prune(SearcherLifetimeManager.Pruner pruner)
          Calls provided SearcherLifetimeManager.Pruner to prune entries.
 long record(IndexSearcher searcher)
          Records that you are now using this IndexSearcher.
 void release(IndexSearcher s)
          Release a searcher previously obtained from acquire(long).
Methods inherited from class java.lang.Object
clone, equals, finalize, getClass, hashCode, notify, notifyAll, toString, wait, wait, wait

Constructor Detail


public SearcherLifetimeManager()
Method Detail


public long record(IndexSearcher searcher)
            throws IOException
Records that you are now using this IndexSearcher. Always call this when you've obtained a possibly new IndexSearcher, for example from one of the get methods in NRTManager or SearcherManager. It's fine if you already passed the same searcher to this method before.

This returns the long token that you can later pass to acquire(long) to retrieve the same IndexSearcher. You should record this long token in the search results sent to your user, such that if the user performs a follow-on action (clicks next page, drills down, etc.) the token is returned.



public IndexSearcher acquire(long version)
Retrieve a previously recorded IndexSearcher, if it has not yet been closed

NOTE: this may return null when the requested searcher has already timed out. When this happens you should notify your user that their session timed out and that they'll have to restart their search.

If this returns a non-null result, you must match later call release( on this searcher, best from a finally clause.


public void release(IndexSearcher s)
             throws IOException
Release a searcher previously obtained from acquire(long).

NOTE: it's fine to call this after close.



public void prune(SearcherLifetimeManager.Pruner pruner)
           throws IOException
Calls provided SearcherLifetimeManager.Pruner to prune entries. The entries are passed to the Pruner in sorted (newest to oldest IndexSearcher) order.

NOTE: you must peridiocally call this, ideally from the same background thread that opens new searchers.



public void close()
           throws IOException
Close this to future searching; any searches still in process in other threads won't be affected, and they should still call release( after they are done.

NOTE: you must ensure no other threads are calling record( while you call close(); otherwise it's possible not all searcher references will be freed.

Specified by:
close in interface Closeable

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