Class CollationKeyFilter

  extended by org.apache.lucene.util.AttributeSource
      extended by org.apache.lucene.analysis.TokenStream
          extended by org.apache.lucene.analysis.TokenFilter
              extended by org.apache.lucene.collation.CollationKeyFilter
All Implemented Interfaces:

public final class CollationKeyFilter
extends TokenFilter

Converts each token into its CollationKey, and then encodes the CollationKey with IndexableBinaryStringTools, to allow it to be stored as an index term.

WARNING: Make sure you use exactly the same Collator at index and query time -- CollationKeys are only comparable when produced by the same Collator. Since RuleBasedCollators are not independently versioned, it is unsafe to search against stored CollationKeys unless the following are exactly the same (best practice is to store this information with the index and check that they remain the same at query time):

  1. JVM vendor
  2. JVM version, including patch version
  3. The language (and country and variant, if specified) of the Locale used when constructing the collator via Collator.getInstance(java.util.Locale).
  4. The collation strength used - see Collator.setStrength(int)

The ICUCollationKeyFilter in the icu package of Lucene's contrib area uses ICU4J's Collator, which makes its version available, thus allowing collation to be versioned independently from the JVM. ICUCollationKeyFilter is also significantly faster and generates significantly shorter keys than CollationKeyFilter. See for key generation timing and key length comparisons between ICU4J and java.text.Collator over several languages.

CollationKeys generated by java.text.Collators are not compatible with those those generated by ICU Collators. Specifically, if you use CollationKeyFilter to generate index terms, do not use ICUCollationKeyFilter on the query side, or vice versa.

Nested Class Summary
Nested classes/interfaces inherited from class org.apache.lucene.util.AttributeSource
AttributeSource.AttributeFactory, AttributeSource.State
Field Summary
Fields inherited from class org.apache.lucene.analysis.TokenFilter
Constructor Summary
CollationKeyFilter(TokenStream input, Collator collator)
Method Summary
 boolean incrementToken()
          Consumers (i.e., IndexWriter) use this method to advance the stream to the next token.
Methods inherited from class org.apache.lucene.analysis.TokenFilter
close, end, reset
Methods inherited from class org.apache.lucene.util.AttributeSource
addAttribute, addAttributeImpl, captureState, clearAttributes, cloneAttributes, copyTo, equals, getAttribute, getAttributeClassesIterator, getAttributeFactory, getAttributeImplsIterator, hasAttribute, hasAttributes, hashCode, reflectAsString, reflectWith, restoreState, toString
Methods inherited from class java.lang.Object
clone, finalize, getClass, notify, notifyAll, wait, wait, wait

Constructor Detail


public CollationKeyFilter(TokenStream input,
                          Collator collator)
input - Source token stream
collator - CollationKey generator
Method Detail


public boolean incrementToken()
                       throws IOException
Description copied from class: TokenStream
Consumers (i.e., IndexWriter) use this method to advance the stream to the next token. Implementing classes must implement this method and update the appropriate AttributeImpls with the attributes of the next token.

The producer must make no assumptions about the attributes after the method has been returned: the caller may arbitrarily change it. If the producer needs to preserve the state for subsequent calls, it can use AttributeSource.captureState() to create a copy of the current attribute state.

This method is called for every token of a document, so an efficient implementation is crucial for good performance. To avoid calls to AttributeSource.addAttribute(Class) and AttributeSource.getAttribute(Class), references to all AttributeImpls that this stream uses should be retrieved during instantiation.

To ensure that filters and consumers know which attributes are available, the attributes must be added during instantiation. Filters and consumers are not required to check for availability of attributes in TokenStream.incrementToken().

Specified by:
incrementToken in class TokenStream
false for end of stream; true otherwise

Copyright © 2000-2011 Apache Software Foundation. All Rights Reserved.