Lucene 2.9.4 contrib-queryparser API

Apache Lucene Flexible Query Parser


org.apache.lucene.queryParser.core Contains the core classes of the flexible query parser framework Contains the necessary classes to implement query builders
org.apache.lucene.queryParser.core.config Contains the base classes used to configure the query processing
org.apache.lucene.queryParser.core.messages Contains messages usually used by query parser implementations
org.apache.lucene.queryParser.core.nodes Contains query nodes that are commonly used by query parser implementations
org.apache.lucene.queryParser.core.parser Contains the necessary interfaces to implement text parsers
org.apache.lucene.queryParser.core.processors Interfaces and implementations used by query node processors
org.apache.lucene.queryParser.core.util Utility classes to used with the Query Parser
org.apache.lucene.queryParser.standard Contains the implementation of the Lucene query parser using the flexible query parser frameworks Standard Lucene Query Node Builders
org.apache.lucene.queryParser.standard.config Standard Lucene Query Configuration
org.apache.lucene.queryParser.standard.nodes Standard Lucene Query Nodes
org.apache.lucene.queryParser.standard.parser Lucene Query Parser
org.apache.lucene.queryParser.standard.processors Lucene Query Node Processors


Apache Lucene Flexible Query Parser

This contrib project contains the new Lucene query parser implementation, which matches the syntax of the core QueryParser but offers a more modular architecture to enable customization.

It's currently divided in 2 main packages:


  1. Full support for boolean logic (not enabled)
  2. QueryNode Trees - support for several syntaxes, that can be converted into similar syntax QueryNode trees.
  3. QueryNode Processors - Optimize, validate, rewrite the QueryNode trees
  4. Processors Pipelines - Select your favorite Processor and build a processor pipeline, to implement the features you need
  5. Config Interfaces - Allow the consumer of the Query Parser to implement a diff Config Handler Objects to suite their needs.
  6. Standard Builders - convert QueryNode's into several lucene representations. Supported conversion is using a 2.4 compatible logic
  7. QueryNode tree's can be converted to a lucene 2.4 syntax string, using toQueryString


This new query parser was designed to have very generic architecture, so that it can be easily used for different products with varying query syntaxes. This code is much more flexible and extensible than the Lucene query parser in 2.4.X.

The new query parser goal is to separate syntax and semantics of a query. E.g. 'a AND b', '+a +b', 'AND(a,b)' could be different syntaxes for the same query. It distinguishes the semantics of the different query components, e.g. whether and how to tokenize/lemmatize/normalize the different terms or which Query objects to create for the terms. It allows to write a parser with a new syntax, while reusing the underlying semantics, as quickly as possible.

The query parser has three layers and its core is what we call the QueryNode tree. It is a tree that initially represents the syntax of the original query, e.g. for 'a AND b':

     /   \
    A     B

The three layers are:

This layer is the text parsing layer which simply transforms the query text string into a QueryNode tree. Every text parser must implement the interface SyntaxParser. Lucene default implementations implements it using JavaCC.
The query node processors do most of the work. It is in fact a configurable chain of processors. Each processors can walk the tree and modify nodes or even the tree's structure. That makes it possible to e.g. do query optimization before the query is executed or to tokenize terms.
The third layer is a configurable map of builders, which map QueryNode types to its specific builder that will transform the QueryNode into Lucene Query object.

Furthermore, the query parser uses flexible configuration objects, which are based on AttributeSource/Attribute. It also uses message classes that allow to attach resource bundles. This makes it possible to translate messages, which is an important feature of a query parser.

This design allows to develop different query syntaxes very quickly.

StandardQueryParser and QueryParserWrapper

The standard (default) Lucene query parser is located under org.apache.lucene.queryParser.standard.

To make it simpler to use the new query parser the class StandardQueryParser may be helpful, specially for people that do not want to extend the Query Parser. It uses the default Lucene query processors, text parser and builders, so you don't need to worry about dealing with those. StandardQueryParser usage:

      StandardQueryParser qpHelper = new StandardQueryParser();
      StandardQueryConfigHandler config =  qpHelper.getQueryConfigHandler();
      config.setAnalyzer(new WhitespaceAnalyzer());
      Query query = qpHelper.parse("apache AND lucene", "defaultField");

To make it easy for people who are using current Lucene's query parser to switch to the new one, there is a QueryParserWrapper under org.apache.lucene.queryParser.standard that keeps the old query parser interface, but uses the new query parser infrastructure.

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