Class FieldCacheTermsFilter

  extended by
      extended by

public class FieldCacheTermsFilter
extends Filter

A Filter that only accepts documents whose single term value in the specified field is contained in the provided set of allowed terms.

This is the same functionality as TermsFilter (from queries/), except this filter requires that the field contains only a single term for all documents. Because of drastically different implementations, they also have different performance characteristics, as described below.

The first invocation of this filter on a given field will be slower, since a SortedDocValues must be created. Subsequent invocations using the same field will re-use this cache. However, as with all functionality based on FieldCache, persistent RAM is consumed to hold the cache, and is not freed until the IndexReader is closed. In contrast, TermsFilter has no persistent RAM consumption.

With each search, this filter translates the specified set of Terms into a private FixedBitSet keyed by term number per unique IndexReader (normally one reader per segment). Then, during matching, the term number for each docID is retrieved from the cache and then checked for inclusion using the FixedBitSet. Since all testing is done using RAM resident data structures, performance should be very fast, most likely fast enough to not require further caching of the DocIdSet for each possible combination of terms. However, because docIDs are simply scanned linearly, an index with a great many small documents may find this linear scan too costly.

In contrast, TermsFilter builds up an FixedBitSet, keyed by docID, every time it's created, by enumerating through all matching docs using DocsEnum to seek and scan through each term's docID list. While there is no linear scan of all docIDs, besides the allocation of the underlying array in the FixedBitSet, this approach requires a number of "disk seeks" in proportion to the number of terms, which can be exceptionally costly when there are cache misses in the OS's IO cache.

Generally, this filter will be slower on the first invocation for a given field, but subsequent invocations, even if you change the allowed set of Terms, should be faster than TermsFilter, especially as the number of Terms being matched increases. If you are matching only a very small number of terms, and those terms in turn match a very small number of documents, TermsFilter may perform faster.

Which filter is best is very application dependent.

Constructor Summary
FieldCacheTermsFilter(String field, BytesRef... terms)
FieldCacheTermsFilter(String field, String... terms)
Method Summary
 DocIdSet getDocIdSet(AtomicReaderContext context, Bits acceptDocs)
          Creates a DocIdSet enumerating the documents that should be permitted in search results.
 FieldCache getFieldCache()
Methods inherited from class java.lang.Object
clone, equals, finalize, getClass, hashCode, notify, notifyAll, toString, wait, wait, wait

Constructor Detail


public FieldCacheTermsFilter(String field,
                             BytesRef... terms)


public FieldCacheTermsFilter(String field,
                             String... terms)
Method Detail


public FieldCache getFieldCache()


public DocIdSet getDocIdSet(AtomicReaderContext context,
                            Bits acceptDocs)
                     throws IOException
Description copied from class: Filter
Creates a DocIdSet enumerating the documents that should be permitted in search results. NOTE: null can be returned if no documents are accepted by this Filter.

Note: This method will be called once per segment in the index during searching. The returned DocIdSet must refer to document IDs for that segment, not for the top-level reader.

Specified by:
getDocIdSet in class Filter
context - a AtomicReaderContext instance opened on the index currently searched on. Note, it is likely that the provided reader info does not represent the whole underlying index i.e. if the index has more than one segment the given reader only represents a single segment. The provided context is always an atomic context, so you can call AtomicReader.fields() on the context's reader, for example.
acceptDocs - Bits that represent the allowable docs to match (typically deleted docs but possibly filtering other documents)
a DocIdSet that provides the documents which should be permitted or prohibited in search results. NOTE: null should be returned if the filter doesn't accept any documents otherwise internal optimization might not apply in the case an empty DocIdSet is returned.

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