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SolrTM Features

Solr is a standalone enterprise search server with a REST-like API. You put documents in it (called "indexing") via XML, JSON, CSV or binary over HTTP. You query it via HTTP GET and receive XML, JSON, CSV or binary results.

  • Advanced Full-Text Search Capabilities
  • Optimized for High Volume Web Traffic
  • Standards Based Open Interfaces - XML, JSON and HTTP
  • Comprehensive HTML Administration Interfaces
  • Server statistics exposed over JMX for monitoring
  • Linearly scalable, auto index replication, auto failover and recovery
  • Near Real-time indexing
  • Flexible and Adaptable with XML configuration
  • Extensible Plugin Architecture

Solr Uses the LuceneTM Search Library and Extends it!

  • A Real Data Schema, with Numeric Types, Dynamic Fields, Unique Keys
  • Powerful Extensions to the Lucene Query Language
  • Faceted Search and Filtering
  • Geospatial Search with support for multiple points per document and geo polygons
  • Advanced, Configurable Text Analysis
  • Highly Configurable and User Extensible Caching
  • Performance Optimizations
  • External Configuration via XML
  • An AJAX based administration interface
  • Monitorable Logging
  • Fast near real-time incremental indexing and index replication
  • Highly Scalable Distributed search with sharded index across multiple hosts
  • JSON, XML, CSV/delimited-text, and binary update formats
  • Easy ways to pull in data from databases and XML files from local disk and HTTP sources
  • Rich Document Parsing and Indexing (PDF, Word, HTML, etc) using Apache Tika
  • Apache UIMA integration for configurable metadata extraction
  • Multiple search indices

Detailed Features

Schema

  • Defines the field types and fields of documents
  • Can drive more intelligent processing
  • Declarative Lucene Analyzer specification
  • Dynamic Fields enables on-the-fly addition of new fields
  • CopyField functionality allows indexing a single field multiple ways, or combining multiple fields into a single searchable field
  • Explicit types eliminates the need for guessing types of fields
  • External file-based configuration of stopword lists, synonym lists, and protected word lists
  • Many additional text analysis components including word splitting, regex and sounds-like filters
  • Pluggable similarity model per field

Query

  • HTTP interface with configurable response formats (XML/XSLT, JSON, Python, Ruby, PHP, Velocity, CSV, binary)
  • Sort by any number of fields, and by complex functions of numeric fields
  • Advanced DisMax query parser for high relevancy results from user-entered queries
  • Highlighted context snippets
  • Faceted Searching based on unique field values, explicit queries, date ranges, numeric ranges or pivot
  • Multi-Select Faceting by tagging and selectively excluding filters
  • Spelling suggestions for user queries
  • More Like This suggestions for given document
  • Function Query - influence the score by user specified complex functions of numeric fields or query relevancy scores.
  • Range filter over Function Query results
  • Date Math - specify dates relative to "NOW" in queries and updates
  • Dynamic search results clustering using Carrot2
  • Numeric field statistics such as min, max, average, standard deviation
  • Combine queries derived from different syntaxes
  • Auto-suggest functionality for completing user queries
  • Allow configuration of top results for a query, overriding normal scoring and sorting
  • Simple join capability between two document types
  • Performance Optimizations

Core

  • Dynamically create and delete document collections without restarting
  • Pluggable query handlers and extensible XML data format
  • Pluggable user functions for Function Query
  • Customizable component based request handler with distributed search support
  • Document uniqueness enforcement based on unique key field
  • Duplicate document detection, including fuzzy near duplicates
  • Custom index processing chains, allowing document manipulation before indexing
  • User configurable commands triggered on index changes
  • Ability to control where docs with the sort field missing will be placed
  • "Luke" request handler for corpus information

Caching

  • Configurable Query Result, Filter, and Document cache instances
  • Pluggable Cache implementations, including a lock free, high concurrency implementation
  • Cache warming in background
  • When a new searcher is opened, configurable searches are run against it in order to warm it up to avoid slow first hits. During warming, the current searcher handles live requests.
  • Autowarming in background
  • The most recently accessed items in the caches of the current searcher are re-populated in the new searcher, enabling high cache hit rates across index/searcher changes.
  • Fast/small filter implementation
  • User level caching with autowarming support

SolrCloud

  • Centralized Apache ZooKeeper based configuration
  • Automated distributed indexing/sharding - send documents to any node and it will be forwarded to correct shard
  • Near Real-Time indexing with immediate push-based replication (also support for slower pull-based replication)
  • Transaction log ensures no updates are lost even if the documents are not yet indexed to disk
  • Automated query failover, index leader election and recovery in case of failure
  • No single point of failure

Admin Interface

  • Comprehensive statistics on cache utilization, updates, and queries
  • Interactive schema browser that includes index statistics
  • Replication monitoring
  • SolrCloud dashboard with graphical cluster node status
  • Full logging control
  • Text analysis debugger, showing result of every stage in an analyzer
  • Web Query Interface w/ debugging output
  • Parsed query output
  • Lucene explain() document score detailing
  • Explain score for documents outside of the requested range to debug why a given document wasn't ranked higher.

The Apache Software Foundation

The Apache Software Foundation provides support for the Apache community of open-source software projects. The Apache projects are defined by collaborative consensus based processes, an open, pragmatic software license and a desire to create high quality software that leads the way in its field. Apache Lucene, Apache Solr, Apache PyLucene, Apache Open Relevance Project and their respective logos are trademarks of The Apache Software Foundation. All other marks mentioned may be trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective owners.