Class DFRSimilarity

  • public class DFRSimilarity
    extends SimilarityBase
    Implements the divergence from randomness (DFR) framework introduced in Gianni Amati and Cornelis Joost Van Rijsbergen. 2002. Probabilistic models of information retrieval based on measuring the divergence from randomness. ACM Trans. Inf. Syst. 20, 4 (October 2002), 357-389.

    The DFR scoring formula is composed of three separate components: the basic model, the aftereffect and an additional normalization component, represented by the classes BasicModel, AfterEffect and Normalization, respectively. The names of these classes were chosen to match the names of their counterparts in the Terrier IR engine.

    To construct a DFRSimilarity, you must specify the implementations for all three components of DFR:

    1. BasicModel: Basic model of information content:
    2. AfterEffect: First normalization of information gain:
    3. Normalization: Second (length) normalization:

    Note that qtf, the multiplicity of term-occurrence in the query, is not handled by this implementation.

    Note that basic models BE (Limiting form of Bose-Einstein), P (Poisson approximation of the Binomial) and D (Divergence approximation of the Binomial) are not implemented because their formula couldn't be written in a way that makes scores non-decreasing with the normalized term frequency.

    See Also:
    BasicModel, AfterEffect, Normalization
    WARNING: This API is experimental and might change in incompatible ways in the next release.
    • Field Detail

      • basicModel

        protected final BasicModel basicModel
        The basic model for information content.
      • afterEffect

        protected final AfterEffect afterEffect
        The first normalization of the information content.
      • normalization

        protected final Normalization normalization
        The term frequency normalization.
    • Constructor Detail

      • DFRSimilarity

        public DFRSimilarity​(BasicModel basicModel,
                             AfterEffect afterEffect,
                             Normalization normalization)
        Creates DFRSimilarity from the three components.

        Note that null values are not allowed: if you want no normalization, instead pass Normalization.NoNormalization.

        basicModel - Basic model of information content
        afterEffect - First normalization of information gain
        normalization - Second (length) normalization
    • Method Detail

      • score

        protected double score​(BasicStats stats,
                               double freq,
                               double docLen)
        Description copied from class: SimilarityBase
        Scores the document doc.

        Subclasses must apply their scoring formula in this class.

        Specified by:
        score in class SimilarityBase
        stats - the corpus level statistics.
        freq - the term frequency.
        docLen - the document length.
        the score.
      • explain

        protected void explain​(List<Explanation> subs,
                               BasicStats stats,
                               double freq,
                               double docLen)
        Description copied from class: SimilarityBase
        Subclasses should implement this method to explain the score. expl already contains the score, the name of the class and the doc id, as well as the term frequency and its explanation; subclasses can add additional clauses to explain details of their scoring formulae.

        The default implementation does nothing.

        explain in class SimilarityBase
        subs - the list of details of the explanation to extend
        stats - the corpus level statistics.
        freq - the term frequency.
        docLen - the document length.
      • toString

        public String toString()
        Description copied from class: SimilarityBase
        Subclasses must override this method to return the name of the Similarity and preferably the values of parameters (if any) as well.
        Specified by:
        toString in class SimilarityBase
      • getBasicModel

        public BasicModel getBasicModel()
        Returns the basic model of information content
      • getAfterEffect

        public AfterEffect getAfterEffect()
        Returns the first normalization
      • getNormalization

        public Normalization getNormalization()
        Returns the second normalization