Class Lucene90StoredFieldsFormat

  • public class Lucene90StoredFieldsFormat
    extends StoredFieldsFormat
    Lucene 9.0 stored fields format.


    This StoredFieldsFormat compresses blocks of documents in order to improve the compression ratio compared to document-level compression. It uses the LZ4 compression algorithm by default in 16KB blocks, which is fast to compress and very fast to decompress data. Although the default compression method that is used (BEST_SPEED) focuses more on speed than on compression ratio, it should provide interesting compression ratios for redundant inputs (such as log files, HTML or plain text). For higher compression, you can choose (BEST_COMPRESSION), which uses the DEFLATE algorithm with 48kB blocks and shared dictionaries for a better ratio at the expense of slower performance. These two options can be configured like this:

       // the default: for high performance
       indexWriterConfig.setCodec(new Lucene87Codec(Mode.BEST_SPEED));
       // instead for higher performance (but slower):
       // indexWriterConfig.setCodec(new Lucene87Codec(Mode.BEST_COMPRESSION));

    File formats

    Stored fields are represented by three files:

    1. A fields data file (extension .fdt). This file stores a compact representation of documents in compressed blocks of 16KB or more. When writing a segment, documents are appended to an in-memory byte[] buffer. When its size reaches 16KB or more, some metadata about the documents is flushed to disk, immediately followed by a compressed representation of the buffer using the LZ4 compression format.


      • When at least one document in a chunk is large enough so that the chunk is larger than 32KB, the chunk will actually be compressed in several LZ4 blocks of 16KB. This allows StoredFieldVisitors which are only interested in the first fields of a document to not have to decompress 10MB of data if the document is 10MB, but only 16KB.
      • Given that the original lengths are written in the metadata of the chunk, the decompressor can leverage this information to stop decoding as soon as enough data has been decompressed.
      • In case documents are incompressible, the overhead of the compression format is less than 0.5%.
    2. A fields index file (extension .fdx). This file stores two monotonic arrays, one for the first doc IDs of each block of compressed documents, and another one for the corresponding offsets on disk. At search time, the array containing doc IDs is binary-searched in order to find the block that contains the expected doc ID, and the associated offset on disk is retrieved from the second array.

    3. A fields meta file (extension .fdm). This file stores metadata about the monotonic arrays stored in the index file.

    Known limitations

    This StoredFieldsFormat does not support individual documents larger than ( 231 - 214) bytes.

    WARNING: This API is experimental and might change in incompatible ways in the next release.